Discrimination & Bullying

Anti-Discrimination Laws

The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cth) and the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW) and the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) ensures that employees and/or prospective employees are not discriminated against because of workplace polices.

The legislation regime broadly states: –

  1. that workplace policies should not be seen to be discriminative either,
  • against any particular person directly or
  • indirectly against a class of persons more likely to be affected

Policies that indirectly affect a class of persons more so than others are indirect discrimination. An example of indirect discrimination was seen in Australian Iron and Steel v Banovic case whereby the policy of ‘first on, first off’ was seen to affect women employees more than men due to employment recruiting practices at the time.

Exceptions/defences

Rules or policies will not be seen to be discriminatory if an employer has justifiable reasons for their implementation

The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cth) s 21A(1) provides for an exemption if it is an inherent requirement of the position.

Case Studies of Justifiable reasons/Inherent requirements

In Qantas Airways v Christie (1998) 193 CLR 280 the court held that the employers did not engage in discrimination as it was a justifiable request to retire since international flights would require pilots to be under 60 years of age. Thus, it was an inherent requirement of the position and as such not discrimination.

In X v The Commonwealth (1999) 200 CLR 177 the defence force was found not to engage in discrimination on an employee who had HIV since it was an inherent requirement of the position that people may bleed in combat and contaminate others thus, a safety for other employees was a justifiable excuse.

Case Studies on Discrimination

In Johnson v Gloria Marshall Figure Salons [1999] QQADT 6 the court found that the applicant’s dismissal was due to her advising the employer of her pregnancy status even though the employer attempted to argue that her dismissal was due to work performance incidents that the Court considered minor. The Court found that she was dismissed on a prohibited reason and unfairly

In Ucchino v Acorp Pty Ltd [2012] FMCA 9 the Court found that a worker’s job unreliability and performance were not the real reason for the dismissal instead the fact the applicant was pregnant was found to be the cause of the dismissal. 

Discrimination can also be in the form of bullying  

Anti-Bullying and Anti-Harassment laws apply across every state in Australia.

  • the Disability Discrimination Act ss 35-40 prohibits harassment on the grounds of disability. Moreover, any type of harassment directed at an employee either by the employer or workers can be considered harassment or even direct discrimination.
  • The Racial Discrimination Act
  • Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) s 789FD(1)(a)-(b) prohibits bullying of an individual or group of individuals in the workplace.

Bullying behaviour can include:

  • Harassment or vilification based on race
  • Harassing or bullying in the form of phone calls and social media post from another member of staff or employer.
  • Making jokes and comments regarding a worker’s disability or appearance
  • Making remarks about a worker’s performance because of their disability

If you or someone you know has experienced bullying or harassment in the workplace, contact Rep-Revive Criminal & Employment Lawyers ® for a free initial consultation.

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